The Science

The Science

Using Science To Transform Waste Into Opportunity!

Utilizing waste as a valuable resource, processing waste into beneficial materials, with a scientific approach to re-evaluating waste, and reclaiming waste materials with today’s technology are vital principles of our environment-focused Alberta economy, but there is a knowledge gap in the general public.

What happens to the recyclable recoverable materials once they are collected, and what is the science behind converting waste into valuable resources?

contact c2 recycling


Wish cycling is “the practice of putting something into a recycling bin without being certain that it is actually recyclable.”, Lots of us fall into that trap! According to the Collins Dictionary definition.

No “Wishful Thinking”

At C2 Recycling and Heartland Composting, we utilize scientific processes in three STEM Disciplines, not “wishful thinking,” to ensure materials dropped off at our centers are properly recycled and reused:



Our recycling facilities in Edmonton and Sturgeon use modern recycling and organics technologies developed on scientific principles to improve and protect crops and animal agriculture, maximizing yields and profits.

  • We accept organic waste and wood, and create compost that enriches soil, helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests.
  • We accept wood, and create biochar this improves soil fertility, nutrient holding capacity, Ph balance and reduces the need for commercial fertilizer.
  • We accept drywall and process it into a reusable gypsum bedding for farms offering increased moisture absorption and low bacteria growth in the pH-neutral material, enhancing animal welfare through improved udder health and cow cleanliness.


Scrap Metal recycling is a vital process to reduce environmental impact, conserves energy and mining of natural resources, and freeing up space in our landfills. While some metals might see a slight decrease in their quality over time, most metals can be recycled an unlimited number of times.

These metals fall into two categories: ferrous and non-ferrous.

Non-ferrous metals include aluminium, copper, lead, nickel, tin, titanium and zinc, as well as copper alloys like brass and bronze.

  • Wiring

  • Electrical applications and communications

  • Pipework

  • Building works

  • Homewares

  • Jewellery and coins

  • Manufacturing, cars, planes, trains, smartphones, tablets, and laptops

  • Musical instruments

  • Construction products

Ferrous Metals are comprised mainly of steel, making them incredibly strong and ideal for construction and the fabrication of beams, machinery and columns. Businesses can recycle many ferrous items at our C2 Recycling facility;

  • Household appliances

  • Structural steel from demolitions

  • Scrap wiring

  • Cars

  • Tools


Concrete can be recycled, reducing the number of raw materials extracted during mining and reducing environmental impacts by preserving natural resources such as gravel, water, coal, and oil and reducing wasted space in landfills.

  • Permeable Pavement is broken and used for groundwater filtration

  • Crushed Concrete can replace gravel as a foundation for underground utility pipe bedding

  • Recycled Concrete can be a soil stabilizer with its load-bearing capacity

  • Crushed Concrete can be an aggregate in ready-mix concrete

  • Large, broken concrete pieces can help erosion control along stream banks and can serve as industrial barriers

  • Crushed Concrete in landscaping is used for mulch, groundcover, drainage, paving stones, water features, retaining walls, rock walls, and underpass abutment structures

If you’re a science geek and want next-level information about our processes, we have recycling experts who would love to talk to you.

No “wishcycling” here! We carefully vet all of our off takes. We are transparent and fact-based!